25 February 2020
Before defining what the “RBI Methodology” is, we must first consider the context and ask ourselves some questions:
The RBI – Risk Based Inspection methodology is a method for assessing equipment criticality.
Criticality-based inspection is an approach designed to optimize the inspection of industrial facilities. The term Criticality-Based Inspection (CBI) is also used. This approach is similar to the FMECA process.
By “optimize”, we mean to understand how best to reduce the risk without unnecessary inspections. Indeed, in addition to the financial cost of inspections, an inspection strategy that is “too detailed” drowns staff in data and masks what is really important. The goal of the RBI methodology is to increase the operating time (reduce downtime) and extend the life of equipment while maintaining an equivalent level of risk or even reducing it.
The RBI method concerns all industries that manage equipment, but more particularly :
Other manufacturers may also be concerned by the RBI method. This will depend on the operator’s willingness to implement it. Some recent texts tend to make the practice compulsory. As a result, there is now a trend towards a generalization of the method.
All equipment, whether under pressure or not, whether containers, piping, steam generators, storage tanks, are concerned.
Equipment that is not subject to pressure equipment regulations can be monitored in the same way. If the operator considers that the equipment may have an economic, ecological or safety impact on his company in the event of a breakdown or incident, he can integrate it into the RBI methodology.
The RBI methodology allows two things:
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